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Government Team 1

Page history last edited by wikiuser0013 12 years, 3 months ago

Ancient Egyptian Government

 

Government Team: Sean D, Andrew I,Greg D,Griffin F, Michael M

 

 

 

The structure of the Ancient Egyptian Government was based on a class system. We will try to explain to you who established and who enforced the laws, what the laws were, what they're based on and how the laws affected different classes of people. We will also compare the government of ancient Egypt to our society today. 

 

The Ancient Egyptian Government was dominated by a single man, the Pharaoh.  The Pharaoh was the person who established the laws.  The Pharaoh is like the king of Egypt.  He controls its people, population, government, economy, and almost everything else.  His Vizier is second in command and controls everything the Pharaoh cannot.  He is the Pharaoh's right-hand man and never leaves his side.  The Pharaoh establishes the laws and the Vizier helps him.  The people of Egypt follow the Pharaoh because they believe the Pharaoh is half-man and half-god.

 

The people who enforced the laws daily were called officials.  The officials were the police force; they kept things in order by roaming around making sure there were no problems.  If there was a crime, they would be brought before the Vizier or the Pharaoh who would be the judge. The land itself was divided up into provinces called nomes The officials policed each nome, and each nome had a governor, who was appointed by the Pharaoh, and responsible to the vizier.

 

The laws were based on Ma'at, which stood for truth and justice, it was fair to everyone except slaves.  Slaves had no rights.  The laws were based on a common sense view of right and wrong.  Ma'at is truth, order, balance and justice in the universe.  Ancient Egypt was also a theocracy, controlled by the clergy.  The Pharaoh's advisors and ministers were almost always priests, who were considered the only ones worthy and able to carry out the Pharaoh's commands.  As in most religious ancient societies, priests had special status above the rest of the citizens, forming a kind of nobility.  They were part of the upper class system.

 

There were different classes of people in Egypt.  It went from highest in power to lowest in power.  The Pharaoh came first, as the king.  Then came his Visier.  There were members of the government, priests and clergy, and royal family members as long as there were no women.  They felt women could not be trusted.  Officials and scribes came next for they were highly respected, and could read and write.  Next, the crafts people and the peasants were the lower of the classes.  Last came slaves, they had no privileges at all.  There may have been different classes of people but high class or low class; everybody had a fair chance at justice, except slaves.

 

Taxes were paid in goods and labor.  Citizens were drafted into the army and forced labor for periods of time to pay what was called a corvee, the labor tax.  Slaves, mercenaries, and draftees were often used in the army.  Slaves could not be used to construct sacred monuments because they weren't worthy.

 

The government of ancient Egypt is different from today's society because in the United States we are a democracy.  We elect our president.  Priests and clergy do not advise our President on important issues and we have a division between church and state.  In Egypt today they have elections and their president is Hosni Mubarak.  He is part of the National Democratic Party in Egypt.  Over time, the class system of government began to change, now there are no more slaves, but there still is a lower class of workers.  There are no more set borders between classes in the society we live in.

 

Definitions:

 

Vizier                             law enforcer, prime minister, pharaoh's right-hand-man, always by his side

 

Ma'at                              law codes of truth and justice, common sense view of right and wrong          

 

theocracy                       society controlled by the clergy

 

nomes                            land divided into provinces, each had a governor, appointed by the Pharaoh and answers

                                        to the vizier.

 

corvee                            labor tax, citizens were drafted into the army and forced labor for periods of time

 

Pharaohs tail-the tail     to remind people that the Pharaoh had magical powers

 

Pharaoh's flail               whip that reminded the Egyptians to obey the Pharaoh

 

embalming                    the way of preserving the Pharaoh in the after-life

 

 

 

 

 

HERE IS A LIST OF ALL THE PHAROHS of all the kingdoms!!!!!:: http://www.touregypt.net/kings.htm

 

 

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     The ancient egyptians belived in many gods there was the god of re the sun god,the god of nunthe god of dark waters,the first god Atum the first god of ancient egypt they belived in many gods because the thaught they would grant them power and unity.

     
  •    King Tut was one of the youngest pharoahs to serve in ancient egypt. He started being king at age 9. He was known as the boy king and he ruled in the new kingdom. King tut was married to queen Ankhesenpaaten was posibly his half sister.

 

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 This is the nile from far away.

 

This is Ancient Egypt.

 

This is King Khufu this is The Great Pyramid in (Giza). 

These are the Egyptian Gods of Ancient Egypt.

 

 

          

 

 

       these are the pharoahs.  this is papyrus this grew along the nile river.

 

 

 

Sources/References:

 

Hart, George. Eyewittness Books, Ancient Egypt

 

Andrews, Mark. Law and Legal System in Ancient Egypt

 

Government of Egypt - Wikipedia  wiki/politics of Egypt

 

http://library.thinkquest.org

 

 Riverschool.org

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments (Show all 41)

wikiuser0012 said

at 9:02 pm on Oct 3, 2008

Good Luck!!!

wikiuser0008 said

at 1:53 pm on Oct 6, 2008

hi andrew

wikiuser0009 said

at 1:54 pm on Oct 6, 2008

yomatoes

wikiuser0009 said

at 1:55 pm on Oct 6, 2008

wiki9 said cheese.



cheese.

wikiuser0009 said

at 1:57 pm on Oct 6, 2008

Hi, Miss Paduano

wikiuser0006 said

at 2:04 pm on Oct 6, 2008

good luck

wikiuser0017 said

at 2:08 pm on Oct 6, 2008

hi

wikiuser0025 said

at 6:31 pm on Oct 6, 2008

Heyyy Guys Im just sayin u should add some color and add pictures and answer the questions...........take a look at my page i am the writing team well c u l8ta

~elaine~

Miss Paduano said

at 10:32 pm on Oct 6, 2008

Please get to work Government team! If you need additional help, please let me know ASAP! You may look at your classmates pages to get some ideas. Also use the questions as a guide.

Miss Paduano

wikiuser0010 said

at 5:08 pm on Oct 7, 2008

u guys should get started. . . . . . .. . . .. . . like pronto!!!!!!

wikiuser0011 said

at 5:37 pm on Oct 7, 2008

who is in this group????????.......... 1st of all, you need to add your names, 2nd you should check out the other pages for ideas................ everyone is pretty much on to a great start............. we really want to see your page when it's finished............ you can also check out my page for ideas, I am ART AND ARCHITECTURE. My group has a lot sooooooo far.........
Just trying to help, Taylor

wikiuser0010 said

at 5:39 pm on Oct 7, 2008

yeah listen to taylor!!!!!!

wikiuser0010 said

at 9:30 pm on Oct 7, 2008

u finally put your names down.!!!!! yay!!!!! u did it , u did it yay

wikiuser0025 said

at 10:26 pm on Oct 7, 2008

Ok griffin plezz get started the project is due the 20th OF OCTOBER thats coming up just get strted add some color add pictures make it pop griff if u need any help ust ak me or miss paduano dont get lykee JV he is a bad example dont listen to him
~laney~

wikiuser0024 said

at 1:57 pm on Oct 8, 2008

Hey its Anjelica i would add some color and pictures!!!
*Anjelica*
ps add some questions to lol!!!

Miss Paduano said

at 7:09 pm on Oct 8, 2008

Team,

Please get to work! The vocabulary person seems to be the only one who has been doing his/her work. Let me know if I can help.

Miss Paduano

wikiuser0011 said

at 7:50 pm on Oct 8, 2008

You need more information.
- Taylor

wikiuser0012 said

at 9:03 am on Oct 9, 2008

hi guys good job but i think you should start a little

wikiuser0010 said

at 1:24 pm on Oct 9, 2008

U GUYS SHOULD GET STARTED!!!! NOW!!!

wikiuser0010 said

at 2:24 pm on Oct 9, 2008

good job on the names...........
-taylor

wikiuser0010 said

at 2:25 pm on Oct 9, 2008

now u need everything else. . . . . . . . .

wikiuser0010 said

at 2:45 pm on Oct 9, 2008

YOU NEED MORE STUFF. THE DEADLINE IS OCTOBER 20TH. ITS OCTOBER 9TH. I SUGGEST U GET 2 WORK.
-TAYLOR

Mrs. Olsen said

at 9:20 pm on Oct 9, 2008

Hi Government Team!

Time to get busy. Don't worry about formatting until you have all of your information on your page. Be sure to see me or Ms. Paduano as soon as possible if you need help.

Mrs. Olsen

wikiuser0007 said

at 10:02 pm on Oct 9, 2008

yeah yeah we got started!!! ok taylor?? sheesh.

wikiuser0021 said

at 12:58 pm on Oct 11, 2008

get working

wikiuser0024 said

at 6:41 pm on Oct 11, 2008

HEYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY

Mrs. Gallagher said

at 4:58 pm on Oct 12, 2008

Do you think that the Egyptian laws were fair? Should the family suffer because of one of the individuals? In the United States, do we have any laws like that?
Mrs. Gallagher

wikiuser0011 said

at 7:45 pm on Oct 12, 2008

good job
-taylor

Miss Paduano said

at 5:23 pm on Oct 13, 2008

Hi Team,
I'm glad to see you completed some work over the weekend. Adding pictures and citing resources is a must, so please see me or Mrs. Olsen if you need help doing so.
Keep up the good work.

Miss Paduano

wikiuser0011 said

at 5:24 pm on Oct 14, 2008

hey cool page

wikiuser0027 said

at 7:55 pm on Oct 14, 2008

....... cool page.........
............................
it is awsome

wikiuser0017 said

at 3:17 pm on Oct 16, 2008

andrew if you are the researcher check out www.crystalinks.com/akhenaton.htm

wikiuser0017 said

at 4:10 pm on Oct 16, 2008

what website can i go to to get pictures cant get any they all get picilated every picture i put but i put some youtube videos

wikiuser0017 said

at 4:10 pm on Oct 16, 2008

what website can i go to to get pictures cant get any they all get picilated every picture i put but i put some youtube videos

wikiuser0017 said

at 4:43 pm on Oct 16, 2008

Nevermind about the pictures

wikiuser0007 said

at 9:11 pm on Oct 16, 2008

WHO STOLE MY LOCK!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?! WOW I PUT SO MUCH STUFF!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

wikiuser0007 said

at 9:18 pm on Oct 16, 2008

ok whoever stole my lock this is for you =[ i got the link back but now we lost some stuff. NICEE

wikiuser0025 said

at 6:11 pm on Oct 17, 2008

Heyyy Griffin, Your team is doing A GREAT JOB!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ill c u in skool!!!!!!!!!!!! xoxoxo elaine, peace out!

wikiuser0024 said

at 9:01 am on Oct 18, 2008

Looking good you guys.
*Anjelica*

wikiuser0012 said

at 8:45 pm on Oct 20, 2008

good job but you just might want to sepwrate the pics around rather than putting them right after another
GREAT JOB !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
~Nicole~

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